• banda 8

COMPRESSOR YA HADROGEN

1.Kupanga mphamvu kuchokera ku haidrojeni pogwiritsa ntchito compressor

Hydrogen ndi mafuta omwe ali ndi mphamvu zambiri pa kulemera kwake.Tsoka ilo, kachulukidwe wa haidrojeni mumlengalenga ndi 90 magalamu pa kiyubiki mita.Kuti mukwaniritse kuchuluka kwa mphamvu zomwe zingagwiritsidwe ntchito, kuponderezana kwa hydrogen ndikofunikira.

2.Kuphatikizika koyenera kwa haidrojeni ndidiaphragmcompressors

Lingaliro limodzi lotsimikizika la kukakamiza ndi diaphragm compressor.Ma hydrogen compressor awa amapanikiza bwino ma hydrogen pang'ono mpaka sing'anga kuti akweze ndipo, ngati pangafunike, ngakhale kukakamira kwambiri kopitilira 900 bar.Mfundo ya diaphragm imatsimikizira kupsinjika kwamafuta ndi kutayikira kwaulere ndi kuyera kwazinthu.Ma diaphragm compressor amagwira ntchito bwino pansi pa katundu wambiri.Mukamagwira ntchito yapakatikati, moyo wa diaphragm ukhoza kukhala wotsika ndipo kutumizira kumatha kuonjezedwa.

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3.Piston compressors popanikiza kuchuluka kwa haidrojeni

Ngati ma haidrojeni opanda mafuta ochulukirapo osakwana ma bar 250 akufunika, ma piston compressor otsimikizika masauzande ambiri ndiye yankho.Kupitilira pa 3000kW yamphamvu yoyendetsa galimoto ingagwiritsidwe ntchito moyenera kukwaniritsa zofunikira zilizonse za hydrogen.

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Pakuthamanga kwa voliyumu yayikulu komanso kupsinjika kwakukulu, kuphatikiza masitepe a NEA Piston okhala ndi mitu ya diaphragm pa kompresa ya "hybrid" imapereka yankho lotsimikizika la hydrogen compressor.

 

1.Chifukwa chiyani Hydrogen?(Mapulogalamu)

 

Kusunga ndi kutumiza mphamvu pogwiritsa ntchito hydrogen wothinikizidwa

 

Ndi Pangano la Paris la 2015, pofika chaka cha 2030 mpweya wowonjezera kutentha udzachepetsedwa ndi 40% poyerekeza ndi 1990. , popanda nyengo, zonyamulira mphamvu zina ndi njira zosungira ndizofunikira.Hydrogen (H2) ili ndi kuthekera kwakukulu ngati sing'anga yosungirako mphamvu.Mphamvu zongowonjezedwanso monga mphepo, solar kapena hydro power zitha kusinthidwa kukhala Hydrogen kenako ndikusungidwa ndikunyamulidwa mothandizidwa ndi hydrogen compressor.Mwanjira imeneyi kugwiritsiridwa ntchito kosatha kwa chilengedwe kungaphatikizidwe ndi chitukuko ndi chitukuko.

 

4.1Ma compressor a haidrojeni m'malo opangira mafuta

 

Pamodzi ndi Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEV) yokhala ndi haidrojeni ngati mafuta ndiye mutu waukulu kwambiri pakuyenda kwamtsogolo.Miyezo ilipo kale ndipo pano ikufuna kuthamangitsidwa mpaka 1,000 bar.

 

4.2Mayendedwe apamisewu a haidrojeni

 

Cholinga cha mayendedwe apamsewu opangidwa ndi hydrogen chili pamayendedwe onyamula katundu okhala ndi magalimoto opepuka komanso olemera komanso ma semi.Kufuna kwawo kwamphamvu kwamphamvu pakupirira kwanthawi yayitali kuphatikiza ndi nthawi zazifupi zamafuta sikungakwaniritsidwe ndiukadaulo wa batri.Pali kale angapo omwe amapereka magalimoto amagetsi a hydrogen mafuta pamsika.

 

4.3Hydrogen mu zoyendera njanji

 

Pamayendedwe opita ku njanji m'malo opanda magetsi, masitima apamtunda oyendera ma hydrogen amatha kulowa m'malo mwa makina oyendera dizilo.M'mayiko ambiri padziko lapansi magetsi a haidrojeni ochepa omwe ali ndi mphamvu zopitirira 800 km (500 miles) ndi maulendo apamwamba a 140kph (85 mph) akugwira ntchito kale.

 

4.4Hydrogen for climate neutral zero emission maritime transport

 

Hydrogen imapezanso njira yopita kumayendedwe am'madzi osagwirizana ndi nyengo.Zombo zoyamba ndi zombo zazing'ono zonyamula katundu zomwe zikuyenda pa haidrojeni pano zikuyesedwa kwambiri.Komanso, mafuta opangira opangidwa kuchokera ku haidrojeni ndi CO2 ogwidwa ndi njira yabwino yoyendera panyanja.Mafuta opangidwa mwaluso awa amathanso kukhala mafuta opangira ndege zam'tsogolo.

 

4.5Hydrogen kwa kutentha ndi mafakitale

 

Hydrojeni ndi chinthu chofunikira choyambira komanso chosinthika mumankhwala, petrochemical ndi njira zina zamafakitale.

 

Ikhoza kuthandizira kugwirizanitsa gawo logwira ntchito mu Power-to-X njira muzogwiritsira ntchito.Mphamvu-ku-Chitsulo mwachitsanzo ili ndi cholinga cha "de-fossilizing" kupanga zitsulo.Mphamvu yamagetsi imagwiritsidwa ntchito posungunula.CO2 neutral Hydrogen ingagwiritsidwe ntchito m'malo mwa coke pochepetsa kuchepetsa.Mu refineries tingapeze ntchito woyamba amene ntchito haidrojeni kwaiye ndi electrolysis mwachitsanzo chifukwa desulphurization wa utsi.

 

Palinso ntchito zamafakitale ang'onoang'ono kuyambira pamafuta onyamula ma foloko mpaka ma hydrogen fuel cell mphamvu yadzidzidzi.Kupereka kotsiriza, mofanana ndi maselo ang'onoang'ono a mafuta a nyumba ndi nyumba zina, mphamvu ndi kutentha ndi kutulutsa kwawo kokha ndi madzi oyera.

 


Nthawi yotumiza: Jul-14-2022